General Health 2006
By: Hewitt, Belinda, Baxter, Janeen, and Mark Western.

Using data from the Australian longitudinal Negotiating the Lifecourse study, these researchers find that married women report significantly better health than cohabiting or previously married women. Furthermore, of women who have children under age 18 in the home, those who report the best health are women who are not working at all, followed by women working part-time, and lastly women working full-time.

Family, work, health: The impact of marriage, parenthood, and employment on self-reported health of Australian men and women. Journal of Sociology 21 (1): 61-78.

Psychiatric Disorders 2006
By: Afifi, Tracie O., Cox, Brian J., and Murray W. Enns.

These researchers analyze data from the US National Comorbidity Survey and find that the proportion of married mothers who exhibit psychiatric disorders relative to separated or divorced mothers is smaller: 43% smaller for anxious-misery disorders, 39% smaller for depression, 53% smaller for dysthymia, 33% smaller for general anxiety disorder, 63% smaller for posttraumatic stress disorder, 32% smaller for agoraphobia, and 73% smaller for antisocial personality traits.

Mental health profiles among married, never-married, and separated/divorced mothers in a nationally representative sample. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 41 (2): 122-9.

Domestic Violence 2004
By: Wilcox, W. Bradford.

Studying data from the National Survey of Families and Households, this researcher finds that women who work part-time are more likely to experience domestic violence than women who do not work outside the home.

Soft patriarchs, new men: How Christianity shapes fathers and husbands. University of Chicago Press:Chicago.

Domestic Violence and Victimization 2004
By: Rector, Robert E., Fagan, Patrick F., and Kirk A. Johnson.

These researchers study data from the National Crime Victimization Survey and find that the rate of domestic violence for mothers with children (per thousand) is 51% lower for mothers who have ever been married than for mothers who have never been married. The rate of total victimization for mothers with children is 52% lower than for mothers who have never been married.

Marriage: Still the safest place for women and children. Heritage Foundation Backgrounder (1732): 1-4.

Financial Resources and Partner Relationships 2004
By: Aronson, Stacy Rosenkrantz, and Aletha C. Huston.

Using data from US women who recently gave birth, these researchers find that on average married mothers report more financial resources and have about 2 more years of education than either single or cohabiting mothers. They also report greater amounts of love and/or intimacy and less ambivalence and/or conflict in their relationship with their partners than cohabiting mothers.

Mother-infant relationship in single, cohabiting, and married families: A case for marriage? Journal of Family Psychology 18 (1): 5-18.

Partner Violence 2003
By: Van Wyk, Judy A., Benson, Micheal L., Fox, Greer Litton, and Alfred DeMaris.

Using data from the National Survey of Families and Households these researchers find after controlling for economic and demographic characteristics that women who are married to their partners are significantly less likely to be victims of male-to-female partner violence than women who are cohabiting.

Detangling individual-, partner-, and community-level correlates of partner violence. Crime and Delinquency49 (3): 412-38.

Partner Violence 2002
By: Melzer, Scott A.

This researcher studies data from the National Survey of Families and Households and finds that women who earn less than a third of the familyís income have 48% lower odds of experiencing violence from their male partners than women who earn more than two-thirds of the familyís income. Women with children in the home under age 18 also have slightly smaller odds of experiencing violence from their male partners.

Gender, work, and intimate violence: Menís occupational violence spillover and compensatory violence.Journal of Marriage and Family 64 (4): 820-32.

Domestic Violence 2000
By: Waite, Linda J ed.

This researcher finds that married couples reported lower levels of domestic violence than did cohabiting couples: only 5% of married couples and 15% of cohabiting couples said that they or their spouse hit, shoved, or threw things. Respective male-to-female and female-to-male domestic violence rates are: 3.6% and 3.2% for married couples, 4.7% and 3.4% for engaged cohabiting couples, and 9.9% and 7.6% for unengaged cohabiting couples.

Ties that bind: Perspectives on marriage and cohabitation. Aldine Transaction: New York.

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