By: Schwartz, Seth J., and Gordon E. Finley.

Analyzing survey data from US university students, these researchers find that students from intact families report significantly higher levels of father involvement, father mentoring, and nurturant fathering practices than do students from divorced families across all racial groups.

Fathering in intact and divorced families: Ethnic differences in retrospective reports. Journal of Marriage and Family 67 (1): 207-15.